Home   |  Pregnancy and Work   |  Resources   |  Case Studies   |  Contact Us
Rights & Responsibilities
Exposure at Work
Health & Safety of Pregnant Workers
Pregnancy Risk Reduction Program
Today 80.0% of pregnant women work within one month before giving birth and about 30% work until delivery.
Maternity Leave and Employment Patterns,
2001-2003; US Census Bureau, Feb. 2008

First Name: Last Name:
Company: Email Address:
Pregnancy & Work
Exposure At Work

Physical, biological and chemical risks to the parents of the unborn child need to be communicated by the employer. Below is a list of some physical, biological and chemical hazards that could cause harm to the unborn child.


  1. Manual handling of loads where there is risk of injury
  2. Exposure to excessive noise or vibration
  3. Exposure to tobacco smoke or dusty environment
  4. Ionising radiation e.g. x-rays
  5. Extremes of cold, heat or humidity
  6. Long periods of standing or remaining stationary
  7. Long periods without food or fluids
  8. Long periods of repetitive tasks
  9. Excessive mental and physical fatigue
  10. Working at heights or in tightly fitting work spaces
  11. Working on a slippery, wet surface
  12. Excessive reaching for objects high or low shelves
  13. Exposure to Electromagnetic energy


  1. Blood borne viruses, e.g. Hepatitis B or C, or HIV
  2. Contact with high-risk groups e.g. children with Rubella or chickenpox, or patients with shingles or Tuberculosis, etc
  3. Food preparation infections e.g.
    water-borne infections e.g. typhoid
    animal associated infections e.g. brucellosis, tetanus


  1. Chemicals that are reproductive or developmental hazards including:
  2. Solvents
  3. Pesticides
  4. Mercury and mercury derivates
  5. Glutaraldehyde, formaldehyde
  6. Antimitotic/cytotixic drugs
  7. Carbon monoxide
  8. Lead and lead derivatives
  9. Anaesthetic gases
  10. Percholorethylene


  1. Confrontation and violence
  2. Overtime, evening work

Maternity Protection - Helping employers help families.